One of the key moments in the career of Mark Twain was the tremendous success of his story “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County,” first published in the Saturday Post on August 12, 1865. The reputation of this magazine as a key New York periodical, different in tone but of similar importance in its own literary culture as the Atlantic Monthly was in Boston, was certainly a boon to Twain’s East Coast reputation. But as James Caron has argued in Mark Twain: Unsanctified Newspaper Reporter, the importance of the jumping frog story in establishing Twain’s reputation may be overstated. Instead of a sudden burst into public consciousness, the piece represents the culmination of more than a year of success on both coasts, where newspapers had published Mark Twain’s writings for the Californian, a magazine aimed at national and international, rather than regional, audiences.
The chance offering of ‘The Jumping Frog,’ carelessly cast, eighteen months ago, upon the Atlantic waters, returned to him in the most agreeable form which a young aspirant for public fame could desire. The wind that was sowed with probably very little calculation as to its effect upon its future prospects, now enables him to reap quite a respectable tempest of encouragement and cordiality.
Rarely Seen!Can’t be missed! ****
The name by which the American humourist who wrote “The Jumping Frog” is known by the readers of his works is a nom de plume. Mr. Samuel L. Clemens has only lately left England, and has promised to come and see us “Britishers” again before long.
California has developed a literature of its own, and its proudest boast is the possession of Mark Twain. “The Jumping Frog,” pronounced by the Saturday Review “an inimitably funny book,” soon made its author famous, and gained for him readers wherever English is spoken. “The Jumping Frog” is a story of the California gold mines; it is very humorous, and very well told. “Eye-openers,” “Screamers,” “A Burlesque Autobiography,” “The Innocents Abroad,” and “The New Pilgrim’s Progress,” are all of them works of the peculiar humor invented by our American cousins, from the pen of the author of “The Jumping Frog.”…
 Caron, 257-9. He also argues that the sketch owes as much to the influence of Artemus Ward as it does to the Humor of the Old Southwest, to which early generations of humor scholars traced Twain’s reputation. See also Paul Rogers, “Artemus Ward and Mark Twain’s ‘Jumping Frog,’” Nineteenth-Century Fiction, 28:3 (December 1973), pp. 273-286.
 ibid., 261.