Politics, Mark Twain, and Blackface
Mark Twain caused all kinds of trouble. In fact, he reveled in it.
He famously advertised his lectures with the tag line, "The Trouble Begins at 8," and was apparently delighted to share that line with his favorite blackface minstrel troupe, the San Francisco Minstrels. Both Twain and the minstrel troupe played around with variations—"The Insurrection Begins . . . ," "The Orgies Commence .